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Child Adoption in China

 

Procedure for Child Adoption in China

 

 

 

The Adoption Law of the People's Republic of China stipulates that foreigners may adopt Chinese children in China.

 

Applicant for child adoption shall be:

 

A. Childless; 

B. Capable of rearing and providing education to the adopted child; 

C. Thirty years old or above;  

D. Where an adoptive parent has a spouse, the couple shall adopt the child together. In case of a spouseless male adopting a baby girl, he has to be at least 40 years older than the adopted child;

E. An adopter could only adopt one child.

   Notwithstanding the above conditions, adopting an orphan or a handicapped child need not be subject to the restrictions A, C and E as specified above.

 

2. The documents required for adopting a child in China include:

 

A. Written application for adoption (including the guarantee of not maltreating and deserting the adopted child);  

B. Personal identifications (including birth and citizenship certificates);  

C. Certificate of marital status;  

D. Certificate of occupation and financial status;  

E. Health certificate;  

F. Certificate of non-criminal record;  

G. Document which testifies that the adoption accords with the current laws applied to adoption in Canada.  

H. Family investigation report

 

During the application process of adoption, either party of a couple may act on behalf of the other in case of absence and subject to the power of attorney signed by the absentee.

 

3. All documents mentioned above shall be notarized by a notary public and be legalized by the Department of Foreign Affairs or provincial authorities and then be authenticated by the China's Embassy or Consular.

 

4. A written agreement shall be reached between the adopting parents and the person putting the child up for adoption. The parties shall register in the local Chinese civil affairs department in person, complete public notary procedures at the designated public notary. Adoptive relations shall come into force on the day of the notarization.

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